Camellia Flowering Shrubs and Nursery Tree Seedlings

Camellia Flowering Shrubs and Nursery Tree Seedlings


Empire National Nursery has fast growing Camellia trees and shrub plants for home garden landscapingCamellias - for Colorful Beauty in the Shade

Popular throughout the United States are the Camellias, but they are actually native to eastern Asia.

There are over 3,000 named varieties, and Camellias belong to the Theaceae Family (Tea). Of the popular types, there are two primary species that most people plant - the Camellia japonicas, and the Camellia sasanqua. There are many hybrids and crosses in between, all of which have their popularity and uses.

In the landcape design, Camellias are very nice as specimens, hedges and screens, focual points, and they make great container and bonsai plants. Plant in a container that is two or three times as wide as the root mass, and make sure the soil media is about half mixed with organic materials like compost or peat moss. Camellias are easily trimmed, fairly slow growing, but they will grow up to twelve feet high and six to twelve feet wide. Camellias prefer a lot of shade. Although not very cold tolerant, plant them from zones 7 to 10. For colder areas, pot them and bring them indoors for the colder months.

Empire National Nursery has fast growing Camellia trees and shrub plants for home garden landscaping

Camellias are sensitive to the sun, so plant them in heavily shaded areas. For the drier desert regions, full shade is better. The C. sasanqua group tolerates sun better than the C. japonica type, as well as drier conditions. Its the C. japonicas that people generally think of when talking about Camellias, and these are the types that have been planted in this country since the early 19th century.

The Camellias we grow are the C. sasanqua type. The flower form is semi-double, that is, two or more rows of petals surrounding a center cluster of stamens. These are more tolerant to full hot sun, and are fairly drought tolerant once established. Good drainage is always needed.

Empire National Nursery has fast growing Camellia trees and shrub plants for home garden landscaping Empire National Nursery has fast growing Camellia trees and shrub plants for home garden
landscap ing Empire National Nursery has fast growing Camellia trees and shrub plants for home garden landscaping

Right now, we have three basic C. Sasanquas to offer. As we grow into these shrubs, we will offer more. Note - We have a very limited crop this season, so these will sell out fast...

We have -
Pink - "Kanjiro", upright form with large semi-double rose-pink to rose red petal edges;
White - "Setsugekka", upright form with large semi-double blooms with fluted petals.
Red - "Freedom Bell", upright form bearing small to medium sized bell-shaped dark red blooms.

Empire National Nursery has fast growing Camellia trees and shrub plants for home garden landscaping So the question is, what do Camellias need to grow and thrive?

The soils should be well-drained and mixed with orangic materials. Compost is good to use, but half organic material of any type seems to be what Camellias do best in. Like the Blueberries, Rhododendrons, and Azaleas, Camellias like acidic soils.

Watering is the next consideration. Although Camellias like being moist the first few years after planting, they are generally tolerant of drought and dry conditions afterwards. A well-drained soil is needed, and plant the Camellia at the soil-line and not any deeper.

Mulch is needed. Put a thick layer of mulch, bark, sawdust, leaves, etc. around the plants to keep the soil temperatures cool. Cool soil keeps the roots from becoming stressed.

Many people get too concerned about fertilizing, and what types of fertilizer to use. Camellias, Rhododendrons, Azaleas, and Blueberries are particularly noted as being acid-loving plants. There are many fertilizers on the market tailored to boosting the acidity, so you can simply check with your local garden center. If you have pine trees or other conifers in your area, then the soils underneath are acidic. If you can use this soil to plant these types of plants, then they should get the acidity they need to grow best. If you use a mixed or bagged soil, then try incorporating the pine or conifer duff. This will help as the organic materials decompose.

The rest of fertilizing should not be to difficult. Basically, fertilizer is fertilizer. There are hundreds of brands and types to choose from, ranging from single-nutrient types to multiple combinations. Without going into detail about the merits of each, or which nutrients are needed for what, it is easiest to use a broad-spectrum type such as Miracle-Grow, Peter's, and others. We too, offer a fertilzer product, which is a packet you stick in the ground near the plants roots. This is the easiest way to fertilize, no fuss, no meauring, and no hassle, and the plants get a broad range of nutrients that will carry them through most of the growing season.

What else do Camellias need? Shelter from the winds and sun should be considered. Strong winds, and dry winds will damage the leaves, as will too much sunlight. Camellias prefer shade, and depending on where they are planted, the suns intensity can damage the leaves.

How to prune Camellias: The general rule is to prune right after flowering, and/or during the summer and fall. Cut out dead or weak wood and stems, and thin out dense areas. Areas of dense foliage will reduce the flower buds from opening properly. Camellias respond to pruning well, so these are good to sculpt and shape as you like. For taller plants, cut back or shorten the lower stems to redirect the energy to grow upwards. The reverse is true to flatten or broaden out the plants by cutting the tops. If you cut just above the point where the newer wood or current years growth meets the previous, then that will encourage the dormant buds to open which will thicken the mass of foliage. This true for many types of shrubs.

The one other pruning note to make for Camellias is cut to encourage good flowering. Aside from thinning out dense foliage and keeping the plant watered and fertilized, thin out excess flower buds. Camellias can over produce flower blooms, which can make a heavily producing stem look poor. Too much of the plant energy is divided among too many flowers. Clip out all but one or two flower buds per 2 to 4 inches of stem, or basically two inches apart. Flower buds are rounded, whereas the leaf buds are slender.

And yes, Camellias, like all plants, have their share of challenges. Many of the problems that Camellias have are related to too much sun, wind damage, and soil problems. Drainage is the chief concern, so having a good mix of organic materials along with a loose or sandy soil, they should be fine. Since they can be fairly drought tolerant as they get established, watch the amount of water they get.

The Camellia Petal Blight is the main disease problem. This is caused by a fungus that grows on leaf litter and spread through the air. The best way to control this is by keeping dead flowers picked off, and the fallen leaves and flowers clear from underneath. Having a fresh layer of mulch around the shrubs will restrict spores from spreading.

Camellias offer incredible beauty and versatility in the landscape design. And one of the best features is that they prefer shade. There are many great shrubs for the sunny areas, but the choices are much fewer for the shade. Rhododendrons, Azaleas, and Camellias are the big three for shaded areas, they are hardy, easy to trim and care for, and enjoyable colors.

Empire National Nursery has fast growing Camellia trees and shrub plants for home garden landscaping Empire National Nursery has fast growing Camellia trees and shrub plants for home
garden landscaping Empire National Nursery has fast growing Camellia trees and shrub plants for home garden landscaping

Empire National Nursery has fast growing Camellia trees and shrub plants for home garden landscaping

Empire National Nursery has fast growing Camellia trees and shrub plants for home garden landscaping The Virtual Catalog is here! Go there - Click here

Empire National Nursery has fast growing Camellia trees and shrub plants for home garden landscaping

Who are we? We are Empire National Nursery has fast growing trees and shrub plants for home garden landscaping Empire National Nursery, LLC. We are America's first 24-hour on-line Nursery, and our greenhouses are packed with tree seedlings, shrubs, and more. Our business is to serve your needs and wants for information and sources of quality trees and plants, nationwide!

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